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Tuesday, April 28, 2020 | History

2 edition of Secondhand smoke exposure and cardiovascular effects found in the catalog.

Secondhand smoke exposure and cardiovascular effects

Secondhand smoke exposure and cardiovascular effects

making sense of the evidence

by

  • 97 Want to read
  • 35 Currently reading

Published by National Academies Press in Washington, DC .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Coronary heart disease -- Risk factors,
  • Passive smoking -- Health aspects,
  • Cardiovascular Diseases -- epidemiology,
  • Cardiovascular Diseases -- prevention & control,
  • Occupational Exposure -- legislation & jurisprudence,
  • Smoking -- legislation & jurisprudence,
  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution -- adverse effects

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references.

    StatementCommittee on Secondhand Smoke Exposure and Acute Coronary Events, Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice.
    ContributionsInstitute of Medicine (U.S.). Committee on Secondhand Smoke Exposure and Acute Coronary Events.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsRA645.H4 S43 2009
    The Physical Object
    Paginationp. ;
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL23980678M
    ISBN 109780309138390
    LC Control Number2009049617


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Secondhand smoke exposure and cardiovascular effects Download PDF EPUB FB2

Secondhand Smoke Exposure and Cardiovascular Effects reviews available scientific literature to assess the relationship between secondhand smoke exposure and acute coronary events. The authors, experts in secondhand smoke exposure and toxicology, clinical cardiology, epidemiology, and statistics, find that there is about a 25 to 30 percent increase in the risk of coronary heart disease from exposure to secondhand smoke.

Secondhand Smoke Exposure and Cardiovascular Effects reviews available scientific literature to assess the relationship between secondhand smoke exposure and acute Secondhand smoke exposure and cardiovascular effects book events. The authors, experts in secondhand smoke exposure and toxicology, clinical cardiology, epidemiology, and statistics, find that there is about a 25 to 30 percent increase in the risk of coronary heart disease from exposure to secondhand cturer: National Academies Press.

Summary - Secondhand Smoke Exposure and Cardiovascular Effects - NCBI Bookshelf Secondhand smoke, also known as environmental tobacco smoke, is Secondhand smoke exposure and cardiovascular effects book complex mixture made up of particles and Secondhand smoke exposure and cardiovascular effects book and includes smoke from burning cigarettes, cigars, and pipe tobacco (sidestream smoke) and exhaled mainstream smoke.

As a “reality check” on the potential effects of changes in secondhand-smoke exposure, the committee estimated the decrease in risk of cardiovascular disease and specifically heart failure that would be expected on the basis of the risk effects of changes in airborne PM concentrations after implementation of smoking bans seen in the PM literature.

Exposure to secondhand smoke has immediate adverse effects on the cardiovascular system and can cause coronary heart disease and stroke.2,4,5 Secondhand smoke causes nea premature deaths from heart disease each year in the United States among nonsmokers.

Background— Secondhand smoke increases the risk of coronary heart disease by ≈30%. This effect is larger than one would expect on the basis of the risks associated with active smoking and the relative doses of tobacco smoke delivered to smokers and by:   Secondhand smoke is a known risk factor for lung cancer.

Heart disease. Exposure to secondhand smoke increases the risk of heart disease by about 25% to 30%. Chronic lung disease. Exposure to secondhand smoke even for a short time causes measurable decreases in lung function.

This can lead to chronic lung disease. Secondhand smoke causes approximately 7, deaths from lung cancer deaths from heart disease each year. Between andmillion people died from exposure to secondhand smoke, according to the report from the U.S.

Surgeon General. The report also concluded that secondhand smoke is a definitive cause of stroke. Since the American Heart Association’s last statement on secondhand smoke exposure in children published two decades ago, experts explain that we’ve learned a lot more about the negative effects of secondhand smoke.

The new findings are concerning, given the high rates of secondhand smoke exposure in U.S. children. Public health professionals will rely upon Secondhand Smoke Exposure and Cardiovascular Effects for its survey of critical epidemiological studies on the effects of smoking bans and evidence of links between secondhand smoke exposure and cardiovascular events, as well as its findings and recommendations.

GET IT FREE HERE. Secondhand Smoke Exposure and Cardiovascular Effects reviews available Secondhand smoke exposure and cardiovascular effects book literature to assess the relationship between secondhand smoke exposure and acute coronary events.

Secondhand smoke exposure and cardiovascular effects book The authors, experts in Secondhand smoke exposure and cardiovascular effects book smoke exposure and toxicology, clinical. Important considerations in evaluating the effects of secondhand smoke include the magnitude of exposure to it,11For the purpose of this report, the committee defined secondhand smoke as a complex mixture that is made up of gases and particles and includes smoke from burning cigarettes, cigars, and pipe tobacco (sidestream smoke) and exhaled mainstream smoke (CDC, ).

Exposure to secondhand smoke raises the risk -- by as much as 30 percent -- that others will get lung cancer and many other types of cancer, it can.

Secondhand Smoke Exposure and Cardiovascular Effects reviews available scientific literature to assess the relationship between secondhand smoke exposure and acute coronary events. The authors, experts in secondhand smoke exposure and toxicology, clinical cardiology, epidemiology, and statistics.

The pathophysiology through which cigarette-smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke induce cardiovascular disease is complex and probably involves multiple chemical agents inasmuch as secondhand smoke itself and a number of its components have been shown to exert chronic cardiovascular toxicity.

Secondhand Smoke Exposure and Cardiovascular Effects: Making Sense of the Evidence by Committee on Secondhand Smoke Exposure and Acute Coronary Events, Institute of Medicine Staff and Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice Staff (, Paperback) Be the first to write a review.

The WHO report Protection from Exposure to Second-hand Tobacco Smoke (WHO, ) recommends that member states enact, implement, and enforce laws requiring workplaces and public places to be % smoke-free and pursue educational programs and activities to reduce secondhand-smoke exposure in homes.

Secondhand smoke exposure contributes to approximat deaths among nonsmoking adults and deaths in infants each year. Secondhand smoke causes stroke, lung cancer, and coronary heart disease in adults. Children who are exposed to secondhand smoke are at increased risk for sudden infant death syndrome, acute respiratory infections.

It is estimated that secondhand smoke caused nea heart disease deaths each year during – among adult nonsmokers in the United States. Lung cancer 1,7. Secondhand smoke exposure caused more than 7, lung cancer deaths each year during – among adult nonsmokers in the United States.

This continuing education course covers how secondhand smoke exposure causes cardiovascular effects. It includes Oxidative Stress, Autonomic Effects, Endothelial Dysfunction, Thrombosis, Inflammation, Hyperlipidemia, Myocardial Infarction (MI) and other effects.

States from heart disease and lung cancer caused by exposure to secondhand also reports that secondhand smoke exposure causes more than 8, deaths from stroke annually. 1 Health impacts from secondhand smoke exposure The Surgeon General’s Report, The Health Consequences of Smoking—50 Years of Progress.

Secondhand Smoke Exposure and Cardiovascular Effects reviews available scientific literature to assess the relationship between secondhand smoke exposure and acute coronary events.

Secondhand smoke and the harmful chemicals in it are known causes of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS, ear infections, and asthma attacks in infants and children. They are also known causes of HEART DISEASE, stroke, and lung cancer in adult nonsmokers.

Embed this infographic in your website; copy the code below. Nonsmokers who are exposed to secondhand smoke are at a 25 to 30 percent greater risk of heart disease, according to the American Heart Association.

Also, smoke exposure can make preexisting cases. This site requires JavaScript to be enabled. "We found no measurable effect from being exposed to secondhand smoke and an increased risk of heart disease or lung cancer in nonsmokers -- not at any time or at any level," lead researcher James Author: Sid Kirchheimer.

Exposure time to secondhand smoke and effects: 5 minutes – stiffens the aorta as much as smoking a cigarette minutes – causes excess blood clotting, as well as increases the buildup of fat deposits in blood vessels, increasing the risk of heart attack and stroke.

Secondhand smoke exposure is a risk factor for having a heart attack. Breathing secondhand smoke can cause the cells in your blood that are responsible for clotting (platelets) to become stickier, making your blood more likely to clot.

This can cause a clot to form that may block an artery, causing a heart. Secondhand smoke refers to tobacco smoke that is passively breathed in by people in the vicinity of a person who is that have been used to refer to secondhand smoke are passive smoking, involuntary smoking, or environmental tobacco smoke (ETS).

Secondhand smoke is a mixture of the smoke from the tobacco product itself (termed sidestream smoke) and exhaled smoke from the. Cardiovascular effects of secondhand smoke: nearly as large as smoking. Circulation. ; – Link Google Scholar; 8 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

The health consequences of involuntary exposure to tobacco smoke: a report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; Cited by: Active smoking is a major and well-established modifiable risk factor for coronary heart disease.

1 Over recent years, interest has turned to the role of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure in the origin of cardiovascular disease, and evidence is now suggesting a causal relationship.

2 Interestingly, the magnitude of the increased risk associated with exposure to SHS has been estimated at about Cited by: exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke and cardiac structure and function: results from Echo-SOL,” Open Heart 5(2): e, June Lu, L.; Mackay, D.F.; Pell, J.P., “Secondhand smoke exposure and risk of incident peripheral arterial disease and mortality: a Scotland-wide retrospective cohort study of non-smokers.

Secondhand smoke exposure has been causally linked to lung cancer, respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, and other serious illness in adult nonsmokers, infants, and children.

In the United States, at least 30 percent of all cancer deaths each year are caused by cigarette smoking and secondhand smoke exposure. James Lightwood, PhD, and colleagues concluded that eliminating secondhand smoke exposure would prevent more thannew cases of heart disease andheart disease-related deaths by Author: Salynn Boyles.

After adjusting for other cardiovascular risk factors, people classified as having low, moderate or high secondhand smoke exposure w 60 and 90 percent more likely to have evidence of coronary artery calcification than those who reported minimal exposure.

The apparent health effects of secondhand smoke on CAC remained regardless of. Background Secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure is associated with an increased risk of atherosclerotic heart disease and cardiac sought to assess the effect of SHS on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with heart failure.

Methods Current nonsmokers with heart failure (N = ) were enrolled in a cohort re to SHS was assessed with a validated exposure Cited by: Secondhand Smoke Exposure, Pulmonary Function, and Cardiovascular Mortality Article in Annals of Epidemiology 17(5) June with 41 Reads How we measure 'reads'.

New research from the University of Minnesota examines how secondhand smoke might impact children and adolescent cardiovascular health. Published in Pediatric Research, researchers studied the carotid artery in the neck, brachial artery in the upper arm and abdominal aorta right above the belly button in were between the ages of 8 and 18 and were nonsmokers.

Exposure to secondhand smoke irritates the airways and has immediate harmful effects on a person's heart and blood vessels.

It may increase the risk of heart disease by an estimated 25 to 30 percent. In the United States, secondhand smoke is thought to cause ab heart disease deaths each year. “The dangers of secondhand smoke are obvious, not just for kidney disease but for lung cancer and cardiovascular disease as well,” said the lead author, Dr.

Jung Tak Park, a nephrologist at. Dec. 27, — Continuous indoor pdf to secondhand tobacco smoke triggers changes in the heart's electrical activity, known as cardiac alternans, that can predict cardiac .Some groups have higher exposure to secondhand smoke and its harmful effects years years ≥20 years White Black Mexican-American At/above poverty level 41% 34% 21% 22% 47% 24% 43% 21% Below NONSMOKING AMERICANS poverty level Own 19% Exposure to secondhand smoke differs among children ages by race/ethnicity Rent 37%.Out of sight secondhand smoke exposure time and ebook 5 minutes – thickens the aorta minutes – prompts excess blood clotting, as well as increases the development of fat deposits in blood vessels directly increasing the risk of cardiovascular diseasesAuthor: Fareeha Khan.